Self-employment


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Self-employment can be used as a measure of levels of entrepreneurship in a particular area.  According to the 2001 Census, 15% of Herefordshire’s working age population (males 16-65 years and females 16-59 years) are self-employed compared to 8% in the West Midlands region and 9% in England.  The Annual Population Survey, whilst not as robust as the 2001 Census, produces more timely data on self-employment1.

Chart 1. Self-employment rates for 16-64 year olds in Herefordshire, the West Midlands and England
Chart 1. Self-employment rates for 16-64 year olds in Herefordshire, the West Midlands and England
Source: Annual Population Survey

Herefordshire’s self-employment rate was 20% in 2009-10, no significant change2  on previous years. This was significantly greater than the rate for the West Midlands (12%) and England (13%). 

The rate of self-employment in Herefordshire is considerably higher for males (26%) than for females (14%). This is similar to the pattern seen in other areas.


1The Annual Population Survey (APS) is a combined survey of households in Great Britain. Its purpose is to provide information on key social and socio-economic variables between the 10-yearly censuses, with particular emphasis on providing information relating to Local Authority areas.

The APS comprises the annual Labour Force Survey (LFS) plus data from the Annual Local Area Labour Force Survey (ALALFS), and a further sample boost, the APS boost, achieving a minimum sample of 500 economically active adults in all local authority districts in England.   Data is available from 2004.  More information is available from:
www.ons.gov.uk/ons/about-ons/who-we-are/services/unpublished-data/social-survey-data/aps/index.html
2 No significant change means no statistically significant change i.e. the confidence intervals overlap. See the definitions page for more information on confidence intervals.

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Last updated: 06 June 2012