The main factors affecting population change are the numbers of births & deaths and migration (within-UK and international). The key points about migration into and out of Herefordshire are listed in the box below.

The migration component consists of within-UK moves (into/out of Herefordshire from/to other areas in the UK) and international moves. An international migrant is defined as someone who changes their country of residence for at least a year. Information about seasonal workers and other short-term migrants that are not counted as part of the resident population can be found on the Seasonal and migrant workers page.

Key points

  • Since 1991/92 population growth has been entirely due to net in-migration, i.e. more people moving into the county than moving out.  Although there has been some net in-migration from overseas since 2004-05, the vast majority (between 70% and 100%) of annual net migration is from other parts of the UK – mainly London and the south-east.
  • Annual population growth has slowed in the last couple of years, mainly because of decreases in net migration from both the UK and overseas – possibly due to the impact of the recession on job and housing availability.
  • During 2009-10, Herefordshire had a net in-flow of 200 people migrating from the rest of the UK. There were notably fewer in the last two years compared with any other year during the decade (average of 600 people per year over the period 2004-05 to 2006-07). Around three quarters of net migrants move from London & SE England.
  • There is an average annual net in-flow of all ages except young adults (aged 15-19 and 25-29); the largest average annual net flow (either in or out) is of 500 more 15-19 year-olds leaving Herefordshire for other parts of the UK than vice versa.  It is likely that this is linked to the county not having a major centre of higher education, coupled with students being counted at their term-time address.
  • Since the expansion of the European Union in 2004, immigration levels have increased, resulting in more people that moved to Herefordshire from overseas than left to live abroad. However, the last two years have seen equal numbers of emigrants and immigrants between Herefordshire and outside of the UK.

A breakdown of the factors influencing population change (including births, deaths, migration and others), since 2001, can be downloaded from the resource box below.

Within-UK migration estimates by local authorities are provided by the ONS.

Factors affecting population change


Last updated: 20 December 2011