Health expectancy combines life expectancy and population data with data on the health of a population to give an index of the expected remaining years of healthy life.
ONS calculates two types of health expectancy:
1. Healthy Life Expectancy (HLE) defines healthy life as years in good or fairly good self-perceived general health
2. Disability-free Life Expectancy (DFLE) defines healthy life as years free from limiting longstanding illness.
These two health expectancies are calculated for males and females at birth and aged 65. These figures were last calculated at local authority level by ONS in 2001. Because these two measures are modelled based on population data there are confidence intervals associated with them. This has been taken into account when comparing between areas, with any difference stated below being significant.
Disability free life expectancy at birth
In 2001 the disability free life expectancy at birth was 63.5 for males and 66.7 for females in Herefordshire. This was much higher than the West Midlands (60.8 for males and 63.1 for females) and England (61.7 for males and 64.2 for females).
Inequality in disability free life expectancy at birth
Comparing , there is a gap of 6.1 years for men and 5.0 years for women
There is a gap in disability-free life expectancies between the most and least deprived areas of the county: men born in the most deprived areas live 6.1 fewer years without a disability than those in the least deprived; women 5.0 years. However, these gaps are significantly lower than the national values (10.9 for men; 9.2 for women). See the London Health Observatory's Marmot indicators for Herefordshire.
Healthy life expectancy (healthy and disability free and healthy with a disability) at birth
Healthy life expectancy at birth was 71.2 for males and 75.0 for females in Herefordshire, higher than the West Midlands (68.1 for males and 71.4 for females) and England (69.1 for males and 72.3 for females).
Chart 1. Disability free, healthy and unhealthy life expectancy for (a) males and (b) females at birth (2001)
Disability free life expectancy
In 2001 the disability free life expectancy at age 65 was 9.1 for males and 10.3 for females in Herefordshire, higher than for the West Midlands (7.6 for males and 8.5 for females) and England (8.1 for males and 9.1 for females).
Healthy life expectancy (Healthy and disability free and healthy with a disability)
In Herefordshire at age 65 the healthy life expectancy for males is 13.8 and 15.9 for females, high compared to the West Midlands (12.0 for males and 13.9 for females) and England (12.5 for males and 14.5 for females).
Chart 2. Disability free, healthy and unhealthy life expectancy for (a) males and (b) females at age 65 (2001)
Source: Office for National Statistics
You may also be interested in life expectancy.
For a download of the data please use the following link http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/disability-and-health-measurement/sub-national-health-expectancies/2001/health-expectancies-for-las-in-england-and-wales-reftab--2001.xls
Last updated: Monday, October 12, 2015