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Mode and distance travelled to work

Key issue 

  • The provision of sustainable transport infrastructure to encourage modal shift to more sustainable forms of travel such as walking and cycling, particularly for short distance journeys, assists in encouraging healthier lifestyles and hence improved physical fitness as well as tackling congestion and air quality.  
  • The number of people cycling or travelling by bus as the main form transport to get to work declined between 2001 and 2011 – across England and Wales there was little change in either.   Walking or driving a car or van on the other hand increased.  In Hereford City the trends were the same, but more pronounced.  The decline in cycling to work over the decade hides a trend of increasing cycle trips up to 2008-09 and then decline, possibly driven by the recession and some years with poor weather.  Despite this trend Herefordshire has one of the highest rates of cycling compared to similar rural authorities (ranked sixth out of 48) and Hereford City ranks highly against urban districts of a similar size (ranked fifth out of 59).

 Distances travelled to work

According to Census 2011, the highest proportion (20%) of Herefordshire’s residents travel less than 2km to work, which is a higher proportion than the West Midlands region (16%) and England (both 17%).  Another noticeable difference is the proportion of people working from home; again Herefordshire has a higher proportion (17%) than the West Midlands and England (both 10%). At the other end of the distance travelled scale, Herefordshire also has slightly higher proportions (4%) travelling 60km and over, compared to England and the West Midlands (3%).

Mode of travel to work

Information about people’s usual method of travel to work was obtained from the 2011 Census.

The vast majority of residents who have to travel to get to work do so by driving a car or a van (70%). The next greatest proportions were for those walking to work (15%) or as a passenger in a care or van (6%).  Herefordshire has a greater proportion of people travelling to work by car or van or on foot than England and Wales, but smaller proportions by bus, train, underground or metro.

Looking at the change in proportion of people travelling by each mode (see chart below), Driving by car or van and walking saw the greatest percentage point increase over the decade 2001-2011, whilst bus, minibus or coach saw the greatest decrease.  Cycling or travelling as a passenger in a car or van also decreased.   
The decline in cycling to work over the decade hides a trend of increasing cycle trips up to 2008-09 and then decline, possibly driven by the recession and some years with poor weather.  Despite this trend Herefordshire has one of the highest rates of cycling to work compared to similar rural authorities (ranked sixth out of 48) and Hereford City ranks highly against urban districts of a similar size (ranked fifth out of 59).

 

Last updated: Monday, April 30, 2018