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Barriers to housing

Barriers to Housing is a sub-domain of the Barriers to Housing and Services domain, which is one of the domains that makes up the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015). For more information and data on the IMD 2015 and the other domains that make up the index please see the main IMD 2015 page.

Key points

12 more LSOAs1 are in the 25 per cent most deprived in England than there were in 2010.

Around three-quarters of Herefordshire's LSOAs1 are in the most deprived 50 per cent nationally.

Seven of the most deprived LSOAs1 are in the north of Hereford city, five in the south of Hereford city, three in Leominster and one each in Bromyard, Kington, Ledbury and Ross-on-Wye.

Only ‘St Paul's’ in the north of Hereford City is amongst the 25 per cent least deprived nationally.

The Barriers to Housing sub-domain measures issues relating to access to housing such as affordability and is made up of the following indicators –

  • Household overcrowding: The proportion of all households in a Lower-layer Super Output Area1 which are judged to have insufficient space to meet the household’s needs
  • Homelessness: Local authority district level rate of acceptances for housing assistance under the homelessness provisions of the 1996 Housing Act, assigned to the constituent Lower-layer Super Output Areas1
  • Housing affordability: Difficulty of access to owner-occupation or the private rental market, expressed as the inability to afford to enter owner-occupation or the private rental market.

Since the previous Indices of Deprivation (IMD 2010) the affordability component was improved by using income estimates down to smaller geographical levels; furthermore, private rental market affordability is now included within this measure.

Maps showing the areas of Herefordshire that are amongst the most deprived in England according to the Barriers to Housing sub-domain of the IMD 2015
Id2015 Barriershousing Maps
Source: Department of Communities and Local Government


1. Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) are fixed statistical geographies of about 1,500 people designed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). For more information please see the useful definitions page.

Last updated: Monday, August 07, 2017