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Indoor living environment

The Indoor Living Environment is a sub-domain of the Living Environment domain, which is one of the domains that makes up the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015). For more information and data on the IMD 2015 and the other domains that make up the index please see the main IMD 2015 page.

Key points

The indoor living environment, as defined by condition of housing and the availability of central heating, is Herefordshire’s biggest type of deprivation - almost two-thirds of LSOAs1 are in the 25 per cent most deprived in England - more than any other domain.

The majority (53 out of the 74) are in rural areas. The remainder are located in Hereford city, Leominster and Ross-on-wye.

The indoor living environment domain had the largest increase in relative deprivation, with a third more areas falling into the 25 per cent most deprived in England than in 2010.

The ‘indoors’ living environment measures the quality of housing and is made up of the following indicators –

  • Houses without central heating: The proportion of houses that do not have central heating
  • Housing in poor condition: The proportion of social and private homes that fail to meet the Decent Homes standard.

Figure 1. Map showing the areas of Herefordshire that are amongst the most deprived nationally according to the indoor living environment sub-domain of the IMD 2015
Id2015 Indlivenv Map
Source: Department of Communities and Local Government  


1. Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) are fixed statistical geographies of about 1,500 people designed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). For more information please see the useful definitions page.

Last updated: Monday, August 07, 2017