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Outdoor living environment

The outdoor Living Environment is a sub-domain of the Living Environment domain, which is one of the domains that make up the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015). For more information and data on the IMD 2015 and the other domains that make up the index please see the main IMD 2015 page.

Key points

Three LSOAs1, clustered around the Edgar Street roundabout in north Hereford, are in the 25 per cent most deprived nationally according to the outdoor living domain.

The largest relative improvements were seen in other areas of Hereford city and the market towns of Ross-on-Wye, Leominster and Ledbury.

Almost 90 per cent of Herefordshire’s LSOAs1 are amongst the 25 per cent least deprived nationally.

The ‘outdoors’ living environment contains measures of air quality and road traffic accidents, it is derived from the following indicators –

  • Air quality: A measure of air quality based on emissions rates for four pollutants
  • Road traffic accidents involving injury to pedestrians and cyclists.


Map showing the areas of Herefordshire that are amongst the most deprived in England according to the outdoor living environment sub-domain of the IMD 2015
Id2015 Outlivenv Map
Source: Department of Communities and Local Government

1. Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) are fixed statistical geographies of about 1,500 people designed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). For more information please see the useful definitions page.

Last updated: Monday, August 07, 2017